There is no clear cause of
depression. Experts think it happens because of chemical problems in the brain. Many
factors can play a role in depression. These include environmental, mental health,
physical, and inherited factors.
Some types of depression seem to
run in families. But no genes have yet been linked to depression. Depression occurs
people of all ages. Young people to older adults can suffer from depression that is
serious and that greatly affects their life.
Women have depression about twice
as often as men. Many hormonal factors may add to the increased rate of depression
women. This includes menstrual cycle changes, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), pregnancy,
miscarriage, postpartum period, perimenopause, and menopause. Many women also deal
additional stresses such as responsibilities both at work and home, single parenthood,
and caring for both children and aging parents.
Many women are especially at risk
after giving birth to a baby. Women have hormonal and physical changes on top of the
added responsibility of caring for a baby. These can lead to postpartum depression
some women. The “baby blues" are common in new mothers and last a week or 2. A
full-blown depressive episode is not normal and needs treatment.