Diabetes is a condition in which
the body can't make enough insulin, or can't use insulin normally. Insulin is a hormone.
It helps sugar (glucose) in the blood get into cells of the body to be used as fuel.
When glucose can’t enter the cells, it builds up in the blood. This leads to high
High blood sugar can cause problems
all over the body. It can damage blood vessels and nerves. It can harm the eyes,
kidneys, and heart. In early pregnancy, high blood sugar can lead to birth defects
There are 3 types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes. This is an
autoimmune disorder. The body's immune system damages the cells in the pancreas
that make insulin.
Type 2 diabetes. This is when the
body can’t make enough insulin or use it normally. It’s not an autoimmune
Gestational diabetes. This is a
condition in which the blood glucose level goes up and other diabetic symptoms appear
during pregnancy in a woman who hasn't been diagnosed with diabetes before. It
happens in about 3 in 100 to 9 in 100 pregnant women.