Common Heart Medicines
Many different medicines can help
treat heart disease. Learn what type of medicine you’re taking, what it treats, and
take it safely. Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you have questions about
you need a medicine or how it works. Medicines are prescribed in just the right doses
your heart condition. They work only if you take them exactly as directed. So your
healthcare provider can prescribe the best medicine for you, but it’s up to you to
a list of all your medicines. Include your dosage and the time or times you take them.
Update your list if any changes to your medicine are made. And share this list with
new healthcare provider you visit.
ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors
treat high blood pressure and heart failure.
- ARBs (angiotensen-receptor blockers) treat high blood pressure
and heart failure. They may be used if you can't take an ACE inhibitor.
Antiarrhythmics help slow and regulate a fast or
irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia).
Anticoagulants help reduce the risk that a blood
clot will form and block the artery (thrombosis).
Antihypertensives help treat high blood pressure
Aspirin (taken regularly in the right dosage)
helps reduce blood clots.
Beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers help
treat high blood pressure. They may also help prevent chest pain (angina) and
regulate an arrhythmia. Beta-blockers also slow heart rate.
Digitalis and digoxin help treat heart failure
and may help an irregular heartbeat.
Diuretics help treat high blood pressure, fluid
balance, and heart failure. They are sometimes called water pills because they
help your body get rid of extra water through urine.
Lipid-lowering medicines such as statin, help
control your cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Nitrates help prevent and treat angina.
Vasodilators help blood flow more easily through
the arteries. Calcium channel blockers and nitrates are vasodilators.
heart medicines at the same time every day. This will keep the amount of medicine
your bloodstream at a steady level. Talk with your healthcare provider to see if you
need to measure your blood pressure and heart rate before taking your medicine. Also
talk with your provider if you have any questions about your medicines or develop