Managing Your Glucose Level for
Diabetes and Kidney Disease
Diabetes makes your body less able to use the foods you eat as energy. This causes
(glucose) to build up in the blood. Over time, having too much glucose in your blood
harm your blood vessels and kidneys. The amount of food you eat each day should match
amount of energy your body needs. The best way to keep your blood sugar at a healthy
is with diet, exercise, and medicines. Follow a strict diet for diabetes, exercise
regularly, and take medicines as directed. By managing diabetes, you can keep a healthy
blood sugar level. This can slow or prevent kidney damage. And it will allow certain
diabetes medicines that act in the kidneys to work well. Test your blood sugar level
often as directed. Talk with your healthcare provider if your blood sugar level is
80 or over
Wash your hands with soap and clean, running
water. Dry them thoroughly.
Follow directions for placing a test strip in
Prick the side of your finger with a small
needle (lancet). Squeeze your finger gently until you get enough blood. If you
can't get enough blood, hold your hand down at your side and gently shake it.
Place a drop of blood on the test trip according
to your meter’s instructions.
Read and record your results.
your blood sugar is too low, you may get a headache or feel hungry, weak, shaky, dizzy,
sweaty, or nervous. Check your blood sugar level. If it's too low:
Eat a fast-acting sugar, such as
6 hard candies,
1/2 cup juice, or
4 glucose tablets.
Test your glucose again in 15 minutes.
If your glucose is still too low, eat another
dose of fast-acting sugar. Get medical care if you aren’t better after that.
Have a healthy snack once your blood sugar is
back in the normal range
your glucose is too high, you may feel thirsty, weak, dizzy, or nauseated. You may
have blurry vision or need to pee often. Check your glucose level. If it's too high:
Drink a sugar-free liquid, such as water or diet soda.
Take extra insulin or medicine if your provider has told you to do so.
Call your provider if you're not feeling better within 1 hour.