Discharge Instructions: Eating a High-Fiber
Your healthcare provider has prescribed a high-fiber diet for you. Fiber is what gives
strength and structure to plants. Most grains, beans, vegetables, and fruits contain
fiber. Foods rich in fiber are often low in calories and fat, but they fill you up
more. These foods may also reduce the risk of certain health problems.
There are two types of fiber:
Insoluble fiber. This is found in
whole-grains, cereals, and certain fruits and vegetables (such as apple
skins, corn, and beans). Insoluble fiber is made up mainly of plant cell walls. It
may prevent constipation and reduce the risk of certain types of cancer.
Soluble fiber. This type of fiber is found in
oats, beans, nuts, and certain fruits and vegetables (such as strawberries and peas).
Soluble fiber turns to gel in the digestive system, slowing the movement of the
digestive tract. It helps control blood sugar levels and can reduce cholesterol,
which may help lower the risk of heart disease. Soluble fiber can also help control
Know how much fiber you need a day. The recommended daily amount of fiber is 25 grams
for women and 38 grams for men. After age 50, daily fiber needs drop to 21 grams for
women and 30 grams for men.
Ask your healthcare provider
about a fiber supplement. Always take fiber supplements with a large glass of
Keep track of how much fiber you eat.
Eat a variety of foods high in fiber.
Learn to read and understand food labels.
Ask your healthcare provider how much water you should be drinking.
Look for these high-fiber foods:
Make a follow-up appointment, or as
advised. Ask your healthcare provider if seeing a registered dietitian may help you
a high fiber diet.