Reasons for a Cesarean Section Birth
Cesarean section (C-section) births
can be planned. But in most cases, a C-section is not expected. A C-section may be
because of concerns about the baby, the pregnant person, or the baby’s passage through
birth canal. Listed below are some of the reasons you may have a cesarean section:
A poor fit. The baby’s head is poorly
positioned or too large. This may prevent the baby from fitting through the birth
A baby in distress. The baby shows
signs that they may not be able to stay healthy through the stresses of labor.
Labor fails to progress. The cervix
does not thin (efface) and open (dilate) enough. So the baby can't descend into the
The wrong position. The baby is
facing feet or buttocks first (breech position). Or the baby is lying sideways across
More than 1 baby. With two or more
babies, one is more likely to be in the wrong position.
Problems with the placenta. The
placenta is the organ that nourishes the baby. In some cases, the placenta is between
the baby’s head and the birth canal (placenta previa). Or it is pulling away from
uterus (placental abruption).
Problems with the cord. In some
cases, the umbilical cord is compressed by the baby's head. Or it enters the birth
canal before the baby's head.
Maternal health problems. An ongoing
health problem or a problem that happens during pregnancy can make a vaginal birth
A baby with special needs. A health
problem or birth defect can make labor or vaginal birth risky.
An active vaginal infection. Herpes
and HIV infections could infect the baby during the passage through the birth